Section 1 填空
1. Although she gives badly _______ titles to her musical compositions, they _______ unusual combinations of materials including Gregorian chant, Asian scale patterns and rhythms, electronic sounds, and bird songs.
A. exotic … belie
B. eccentric … deploy
C. traditional … exclude
D. imaginative … disguise
E. conventional … incorporate
2. Even though the folktales Perroult collected and retold were not solely French in origin, his versions of them were so decidedly French in style that later anthologizes of French folktales have never _______ them.
3. In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent, her book does not ridicule all predictions of doom but rather claims that the risks of harm have in many cases been _________.
4. There seems to be no ________ the reading public’s thirst for books about the 1960’s: indeed, the normal level of interest has ______ recently be cause of a spate of popular television documentaries.
A. quenching … moderated
B. whetting … mushroomed
C. curtailing … warned
D. ignoring … transformed
E. slaking … increased
5.Despite a tendency to be overtly _______, the poetry of the Middle Ages often sparks the imagination and provides lively entertainment, as well as pious sentiments.
6. One of the first ______ of reduced burning in Amazon rain forests was the chestnut industry: smoke tends to drive out the insect that, by pollinating chestnut tree, allow chestnuts to develop.
7. The research committee urged the archaeologist to _______ her claim that the tomb she has discovered was that of Alexander the Great, since her initial report has been based only on ______.
A. disseminate … supposition
B. withdraw … evidence
C. undercut … caprice
D. document … conjecture
E. downplay … facts
8. STOMACH: DIGESTION
9. A. heart : pulsation B. eye : recognition C. muscle : exertion D. skin : irritation E. lung : respiration
10. DEHYDRATE : WATER
11. A. melt : liquid B. wither : vitality C. anchor : stability D. emote : enthusiasm E. shrivel : winkle
12. RAVENOUS: HUNGRY
13. A. congenial : friendly B. mean : wild C. obsessed : absorbed D. inept : clumsy E. sated : savory
14. ELEGY : LAMENT
15. A. epic : idolize B. comely : please C. parody : ridicule D. sonnet : court E. tragedy : pity
12. ANECDOTE : NARRATIVE
A. acronym : letter B. summary : excerpt C. simile : comparison
D. metaphor : fantasy E. pseudonym : signature
13. TRUNATE : LENGTH
A. separate : substance B. ventilate : circulation C. vaccinate : immunity
D. transfer : location E. cool : temperature
14. GENERATION: INDIVIDUAL
A. conference : speaker B. shift : laborer C. city : official D. tree : limb
E. river : stream
15. RERERTOIRE : PERFORMANCE
16. A. agenda : meeting B. catalog : library C. manifest : cargo D. invoice : receipt E. inventory : sale
16. BLANDISHMENT : COAX
A. equivocation : dispute B. assessment : infer C. augmentation : complicate
D. persuasion : coerce E. explanation : enlighten
Industrial production of powders involves mechanical forces fracturing individual particles of material into ever-smaller particles. The theory explaining this fracturing recognizes two general types of behavior exhibited by material under stress: elastic and plastic deformation. Elastic deformation occurs when stress is placed or a brittle material, which deforms and then returns to its original shape when stress is removed. If the material is stressed too heavily, however, excess energy builds up and the material fractures. This behavior makes brittle material fracture suddenly when subjected to mechanical impact by powder-making machines. No brittle, or ductile, materials by contrast, are harder to fracture, since they respond to comparable amounts of stress by deforming plastically, that is, by changing sh ape permanently. Excess energy that builds up in the strained material is expended in deformation of the material rather than in fracturing. Plastic behavior can al so be exhibited by brittle materials as their particles become smaller during processing and thus less susceptible to fracturing.